June 16, 2021

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Entomologists Discover New Species of Entice-Jaw Ant in Ecuador | Biology

Entomologists from the Yale Centre for Biodiversity and International Transform, the Ga Museum of Pure Heritage, and the Specialized College of Darmstadt have found a new species in the ant genus Strumigenys dwelling in the evergreen tropical forests of Ecuador.

Head of Strumigenys ayersthey in whole-encounter watch. Picture credit: Booher & Hoenle, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.1036.62034.

Ecuador has a person of the highest animal and plant species richness of any country, both equally in conditions in of species for every spot and total species richness.

This unusually superior diversity is owing to the three pretty distinct bioregions within just Ecuador: the Amazon basin in eastern Ecuador, the Chocó-Darién bioregion in the northwest, and the Tumbesian drylands in the southern portion of the country.

Of these, the areas west of the Andes have been the least examined, and significantly the Chocó-Darién is a hotspot for new, previously not known ant species.

The trap-jaw ant fauna of Ecuador at present contains 51 species, a number of of which are endemic.

The new, likely endemic, species from the Ecuadorian Chocó contributes to a superior knowing of this hyperdiverse location.

Named Strumigenys ayersthey, the species can be distinguished by its predominantly sleek and shining cuticle surface area and long entice-jaw mandibles, which make it one of a kind amid other users of its genus.

“In the circumstance of the new ant found in the forests of Ecuador, its large entice-jaw mandibles and shining and easy cuticles established it aside from much more than 850 species of its genus, Strumigenys,” reported Dr. Douglas Booher, a taxonomic qualified at the Yale Centre for Biodiversity and Worldwide Alter and the Georgia Museum of Pure Record and co-creator of a paper in the journal ZooKeys.

Profile of holotype specimen of Strumigenys ayersthey. Image credit: Booher & Hoenle, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.1036.62034.

Profile of holotype specimen of Strumigenys ayersthey. Impression credit history: Booher & Hoenle, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.1036.62034.

Curiously, it was no other but direct singer and lyricist of the American different rock band R.E.M. Michael Stipe that joined Dr. Booher in the creating of the etymology area for the paper.

This is the element in the publication, exactly where the authors honor their mutual pal, activist and artist Jeremy Ayers and clarify the origin of the species name.

“In contrast to the classic naming tactics that detect people today as one of two distinct genders, we have picked a non-Latinized portmanteau honoring the artist Jeremy Ayers and symbolizing people that do not establish with common binary gender assignments, Strumigenys ayersthey,” they mentioned.

“Such a lovely and unusual animal was just the species to rejoice each biological and human diversity,” Dr. Booher included.

“Small changes in language have had a big impact on society. Language is dynamic and so should be the alter in naming species — a standard language of science.”

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D.B. Booher & P.O. Hoenle. 2021. A new species group of Strumigenys (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Ecuador, with a description of its mandible morphology. ZooKeys 1036: 1-19 doi: 10.3897/zookeys.1036.62034